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European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus)


50 in stock

50 in stock

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle Tree): An Elegant and Versatile Ornamental Shrub

Overview: Euonymus europaeus, commonly known as the Spindle Tree or European Spindle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree native to Europe and Western Asia. Renowned for its vibrant autumn foliage, striking fruit, and versatility in the landscape, Euonymus europaeus is an excellent choice for adding seasonal interest and ecological value to gardens and naturalized areas.

Key Features of European Spindle:

Attractive Foliage: The Spindle Tree boasts glossy, dark green leaves that create a lush backdrop throughout the growing season. In autumn, the foliage transforms into a spectacular display of red, pink, and purple hues, providing eye-catching color in the fall landscape.

Distinctive Fruit: One of the most notable features of Euonymus europaeus is its unique and ornamental fruit. In late summer to early autumn, the plant produces small, four-lobed, pink or red capsules that split open to reveal bright orange seeds. These vibrant fruits add a whimsical and decorative touch to the garden and are a favorite of birds and wildlife.

Growth Habit: Euonymus europaeus typically grows as a multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, reaching heights of 10 to 20 feet with a similar spread. Its upright, branching habit makes it suitable for use as a specimen plant, hedge, or part of a mixed border.

Seasonal Interest: Beyond its stunning autumn foliage and fruit, the Spindle Tree also offers seasonal interest with its winter silhouette. After the leaves have fallen, the plant’s angular branches and distinctive bark patterns create an attractive structural element in the winter garden.

Planting and Care of European Spindle:

Sunlight Requirements: Euonymus europaeus thrives in full sun to partial shade. For the best autumn color and fruit production, plant it in a location where it will receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Soil Preferences: This adaptable shrub prefers well-drained soil but is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soils. It grows well in both acidic and alkaline conditions, making it versatile for various garden settings.

Watering: Water the Spindle Tree regularly during the first growing season to establish a strong root system. Once established, it is relatively drought-tolerant and requires only occasional watering during prolonged dry periods.

Pruning and Maintenance: Euonymus europaeus requires minimal pruning. Prune in late winter or early spring to remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches and to maintain the desired shape. Light pruning can also help promote bushier growth and enhance the plant’s ornamental qualities.

Landscape Uses of European Spindle:

Specimen Plant: Use Euonymus europaeus as a focal point in the garden or landscape, where its striking autumn color and ornamental fruit can be fully appreciated.

Hedge or Screen: Plant in rows to create an attractive hedge or privacy screen. The dense foliage and branching habit provide excellent coverage and seasonal interest.

Mixed Borders: Incorporate into mixed shrub borders or woodland gardens to add texture, color, and wildlife value. Its adaptability to different light and soil conditions makes it a versatile choice for diverse planting schemes.

Ecological Value: Euonymus europaeus is valuable for wildlife, providing food and habitat for birds and insects. The colorful seeds are particularly attractive to birds, which help with seed dispersal, and the plant’s dense growth offers shelter for various garden creatures.

Final Note: Euonymus europaeus, with its vibrant autumn foliage, distinctive fruit, and versatile growth habit, is an exceptional choice for adding beauty and ecological value to gardens and landscapes. Whether used as a specimen plant, hedge, or part of a mixed border, the Spindle Tree brings year-round interest and charm to any setting.

Actual Height
4 Feet

Growth rate
60-70cm per year

Planting Distance
Stand Alone


4 Feet


Growth Rate
60-70cm per year


Planting Distance
Stand Alone


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